The vine species grow anywhere from 3 to 40 ft. tall, scrambling over other plants with their spiky thorns. The actual flower of the plant is small and generally white, but each cluster of three flowers is surrounded by three or six bracts with the bright colours associated with the plant, including pink, magenta, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow. Bougainvillea can be used as a houseplant or hanging basket in cooler climates.
Wisterias climb by twining their stems around any available support. They can climb as high as 66 ft above the ground and spread out 33 ft laterally. The world's largest known wisteria is in Sierra Madre, California, measuring more than 1 acre in size and weighing 250 tons. Planted in 1894, it is of the 'Chinese lavender' variety. Flowers of some species are fragrant and some species are used as food.
This vine produces an abundance of reddish-pink flower buds in late winter and early spring, followed by fragrant five-petalled star-like white flowers which are about 2 cm in diameter. It has compound leaves with 5 to 9 leaflets which are dark green on the upper surface and a lighter green on the lower surface. The plant is very vigorous and can grow up to 6 metres in height when supported.
They are easily grown in a moist, fertile, well-drained soil, in sun to part shade, in frost-free climates. They begin to flower in mid to late spring in warm climates and continue into the fall (autumn), often continuing as late as early winter in warm conditions. In cool winters, outdoor plants need protection from frost, but the roots are hardier, and may resprout in late spring.
Trachelospermum jasminoides is commonly grown as an ornamental plant and houseplant. In gardens, public landscapes, and parks it is used as a climbing vine, a groundcover, and a fragrant potted plant on terraces and patios. A valuable perfume oil is extracted from the steam distilled or tinctured flowers and used in high end perfume.
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